Gonio Fortress

Firstly, Gonio Fortress area is one of the important archeological sites in Georgia located in Southwest Georgia, Achara Autonomous Republic, on the left bank of Chorokhi River.

Location and description :

  • The distance from Batumi to Gonio is about 15 km, from Tbilisi-380 km.
  • Gonio fortress is the oldest fortress in Georgia occupying approximately the territory of 4, 5 hectares.
  • Its history amounts to millenniums.
  • The archeological layers of the territory belong to XV-XVII centuries BC. 
  • Archeological excavations conducted on the territory discovered materials of Hellenistic period.
  • It is worth noting that public buildings are also found together with the material items such as pottery, bronze, silver, gold etc.
  • In addition, the ancient fortress erected at the mouth of Chorokhi River is one of the popular tourist attractions all over Georgia.
  • The fortress was a Roman fortification in Achara.

History of Gonio :

  • In the 2nd century AD Gonio was a well-fortified Roman city within Colchis .
  • Moreover, we know it by its theatre and hippodrome. It later came under Byzantine influence .
  • Nowadays the remnants of the ancient fortress consist of massive defensive wall of the most perfect stonework, reinforced with the counter-forcing structures .
  • Also several military paths and crenels, remains of monumental construction, Roman bathhouse, ancient water supply system, fragments of an ancient caravansary of the  XVI-XVII centuries, clay baking ovens etc.

Gonio Treasure :

  • Among the numerous artifacts found on the territory the most note-worthy is the set of gold things known as “Gonio Treasure”.
  • Also, they are undoubtedly brilliant samples of high level of craftsmanship and sophisticated art.
  • In general, the material discovered on the territory belongs to different historical periods.
  • Earliest samples date from VIII-VII cc. BC and the latest-XIX c. AD.
  • In the end, you can spend a good time in the hotels in the area
  • Also, you can make various excursions, starting from the distinguished Junio Beach to enjoy Batumi and the mountains around it .
  • Enjoy life and night activities in Batumi .


Ushguli is a community of villages located at the head of the Enguri gorge in Upper Svaneti, Georgia.

Also, Ushguli comprises four villages: Zhibiani located at an elevation of some 2100 meters above sea level, Chvibiani, Chazhashi and Murqmeli.

Foremore, Ushguli is located at the foot of Skhara, which is one of the highest Caucasian summits.

In addition, number of families inhabited here is about 70 (about 200 people).

They support a small school.

The snow cover Ushguli area by for 6 months of the year and often the road to Ushguli is impassable.

The characteristic landscape of Upper Svaneti :

Characteristic landscape of Upper Svaneti is formed by small villages .

Georgians dominate those small villages by the towers and situated in the mountain slopes with a natural environment and snow-covered mountains.

The most notable feature of the settlement is the abundance of towers, especially in the frontier villages such as Ushguli and Latali.

These towers usually have from three to five stores and a slender, tapering profile.

Also, upper floors of these towers are exclusively defensive in function serving as platforms for observation and for storing.

As for the houses, they are usually two-storeyed.

In addition, the ground floor is a single hall with accommodation for both people and animals .

Also, they separated oftenly the second floor by a wooden partition and they always decorate it .

The Ushguli buildings :

Furthermore, The villages contain buildings that are part of the UNESCO World heritage site of upper Svaneti.

In general, interest in the monuments of Upper Svaneti began in the 19th century.

As for the systematic scientific research, it began in the 2nd decade of the 20th century.

Monument protection bodies of Georgia carried out restoration and conservation work at 45 churches, 70 towers and 12 dwelling complexes.

Georgians created The Museum-Reserve to preserve one village in its original form without any modern intrusions.

Also, Some of the inhabitants chosed to stay in the old buildings .

However, they provided those old buildings with the necessities of modern life.

In conclusion, Georgians architectes restored and furnished Some of the unoccupied houses as well .

Georgian tour

Dzalisi city

Location of Dzalisi city in this tour:

We will take you in georgian tour in Dzalisi, it is a historic village located in Georgia, Mtskheta-Mtianeti region.
It is about 50 km northwest of Tbilisi.

History of Georgian Dzalisi :

Firstly, we must be aware that the first mention of Dzalisi is with Ptolemy.

According to him, Dzalisi was one of the principal towns of Iberia, which was an ancient Georgian kingdom.

Dzalisi area is known for its historical and archeological importance.

In fact, Georgia was among the first countries in the world to adopt Christianity.

The Eastern Georgian kingdom Iberia converted to Christianity in 327 AD when the king of Iberia Mirian III established it as the official state religion.

According to the Georgian chronicles, St. Nino of Capadocia converted Georgia to Christianity in 330.

Therefore, the date varies based on numerous historical documents and accounts.

But it is a proved fact that by the 4th century both kingdoms of Lazica and Iberia adopted Christianity as the official state religion.

Also, this adoption tied the country to Byzantinbe Empire which had strong cultural influence over it.

During the 4th and 5th centuries, Iberia came under Persian control and governors appointed by Shahs ruled the country.

to read more about the georgian history, please click here

Archeological tour in the city:

Archeological excavations and digs conducted on the territory revealed the remains of four palaces .

And other buildings, such as baths, acropolis, swimming pool, barracks for soldiers, water supply system, burial grounds etc.

One of the four palaces is noteworthy for its mosaics, which are the oldest mosaics found in Caucasus.

Georgian’s oldest moasaics:

It dates from the 3rd century AD depicting a banquette scene of Ariadne and Dionysus.

To learn more about nature panorama and our tour in Georgian cities,  you can view the company’s BLOG by clicking here

Bagrati cathedral

Kutaisi city

The UNESCO World Heritage

The UNESCO included Kutaisi city Bagrati cathedral in World Heritage Site in 1994 as single entity.

In addition, UNESCO designated endangered the site, the UNesco mention that experts didn’t carefully prepare the previous restoration .

Despite this, proponents of restoration argued that the site was more likely to fall apart if it was let to soak in rainwater, as it had done for centuries.

Also, it is the cathedral of the Dormition or Kutaisi Cathedral, In addition most commonly known as Bagrati cathedral.
In fact, they built it in the early years of the 1th century during the reign of the king Bagrat III due to this, Georgians call the cathedral “Bagrati”.

About Bagrati Cathedral

The Cathedral is located in the center of Kutaisi, the region of Imereti. Resting upon the top of Ukimerioni hill, it was built in the early years of the 11th century. More precisely, as the inscription on the north wall reveals the floor laid in “Chronicon 223. i.e.1003.

Imereti kingdom

When Ottomans invaded Imereti kingdom in 1512 through its southern neighbor Samtskhe and unexpectedly struck Bagrat’s capital Kutaisi, they devastated Bagrati cathedral by an explosion.

Also, this incident caused cupola and ceiling to collapse.

Georgians officially rebuilt the cathedral on September 16, 2012.

Nowadays it serves as a masterpiece in the history of modern and medieval Georgian architecture.

They also frequently used it as a symbol of the whole city of Kutaisi, being one of its main tourist attractions.

Architecture :

The Bagrati Temple is a moat-shaped cross-dome structure with crossed arms and four free-standing columns below the dome. The building has a great interior.

West arm has three naves, the aisles are two stories high, and it has choirs on the second floor.

The camps next to the east altar are also double-decker.

Also, the solution of the interior of the temple is clearly seen in the exterior masses.

By the way, the south and north arms protrude from the connection lines of the parts and emphasize the cross plan concept.

The architect of Bagrati Temple built the dome on tall poles and used a uniform system of furnishings from plan to façade, which was a first in Georgian architecture.

They decorated The walls and floors of the building with mosaics.

A few decades after its construction, they added richly carved doors to the west and south arms of the church.

On the south door there are remains of a fresco – the image of the Virgin.

Svetitskhoveli cathedral

Mtskheta :

Svetitskhoveli cathedral is a Georgian orthodox church situated in the ancient historical town of Mtskheta , 20 km northwest from Tbilisi. This cathedral is known as the burial place of Christ’s mantle.  According to Georgian hagiography, in the 1st century AD a Georgian Jew named Elias was in Jerusalem when Christ was crucified. He managed to buy Christ’s mantle from a Roman soldier and bring it back to Georgia. When he returned back to Mtskheta, his native town, his sister Sidonia met him and after touching the mantle she immediately died from the emotions engendered by the sacred object. The robe could not be removed from her grasp and she was buried with it. This place where Sidonia is buried with the mantle is persevered in the cathedral.

Tree of St. Nino :

Later on a cedar tree was grown from her grave. The tree was chopped down and St. Nino made from it seven columns for the church’s foundation. The seventh column had magical properties: it rose itself in the air and returned to earth only after St. Nino prayed the whole night. (Hence the name “Svetitskhoveli”). In Georgian Sveti means “pillar” and “Tskhoveli” means “living.”

History of svetitskhoveli cathedral :

The original church was built in the 4th century AD during the reign of Mirian III of Kartli, byt the original cathedral has been damaged several times during the history notably by the invasions of Arabs, Persians, Timur and lately by Russian subjugation and the Soviet period. The building has also been damaged by earthquakes.

The church architecture :

Restoration period began in 1970 during which the base of basilica built during the reign of Vakhtang Gorgasali after St. Nino was found. Basilica was the dominant type of the Georgian church architecture before the cross-dome style emerged. When Svetitskhoveli was rebuilt in the 11th century, this type of cross-dome was chosen by the architect Arsakidze and Catholicos-Patriarch Melkisedek of Georgia. During the reign of the king Erekle II a defensive wall was built around the cathedral in 1787. The top storey was designed for military purposes and that is why it has gun emplacements. Also it is worth mentioning that archeological expeditions conducted there found the house of Patriarch of the 11th century.

Svetitskhoveli cathedral is the second largest church in Georgia after Tbilisi holy trinity cathedral. It is listed as an UNESCO world heritage site along with other historical monuments of Mtskheta.

Jvari Monastery Mtskheta

Mtskheta-Mtianeti region

Jvari monastery is a Georgian orthodox monastery of the 6th century, It is located in Mtskheta-Mtianeti region, eastern Georgia.

Being outstanding monument of Georgian architecture it was one of the greatest religious sites and a center of pilgrimage for Christian nations of the Caucasus.

The wooden cross

Firstly, Jvari church is built on a rocky mountaintop overlooking Mtskheta.

It is a the place where, according to the local legend, a wooden cross was erected by the enlightener of Georgia St.Nino and king Mirian.

Also, the construction of the cross symbolized the fall of paganism and rise of christianity in Georgia.

Exceptional relief sculptures take significant place in the decoration of the facades.

The reliefs depicting the patrons-Stephanos and his family are located on the Eastern façade of the church.

On the southern façade there is also a composition of Ascention of the cross.

Also, on the facet of the drum of the dome there is a figure of a person, possibly the architect.

The present building is generally held to have been 590 and 605. This is based on an inscription on its façade mentioning the principal builders of the church: Stephanos the patricius, Demetrius the Hypatos and Adarnese the hypatos. The importance of the church gradually increased over time and attracted more and more pilgrims every year. In the late Middle Ages the complex was fortified by a stone wall and gate, remnants of which still survive. During the Soviet Union period the church was preserved as a national monument but access was rendered difficult. After Georgia gained its independence the building was restored to active religious use and it was listed as UNESCO World Heritage site in 1994.

Archeological place – Armaziskhevi

History of the city

Armaziskhevi is archeological place situated on the right tributary of the Kura River and is 3km west of Mtskheta railway station. This place is unique for its archeological importance.

The Bronze-early Iron Age

Firstly, as a result of archeological excavations conducted near the influx of the Armaziskhevi archeologists revealed a cemetery dating back to the late Bronze-early Iron Age., 2nd -4th cc.

The cemetery contained tombs of Georgian nobles Pitiakhshes.

Also, they were of three types: Tile graves, sarcophagi and a grave of mausoleum type.  

In addition, there were as well ruins of a palace complex, a bath house, remains of water pipeline, a ceramics workshop and a wine cellar.

The Graves

Graves dating back to 2nd-3rd cc.  AD were especially rich in content:

A gold belt, a gold sheath of dagger, diadems, necklaces, earrings, bracelets, finger-rings, arm-rings etc were discovered at this place.

Gold artifacts were decorated by precious stones among them were diamond, emerald, malachite, sapphire, greenstone etc.

These items had inscriptions mentioning the names of important people, such as Pitiakhshes and their wives etc.

the Sarmazian bilingual

Items of world importance are two stelaes found at this site.

The first is bilingual (Greek-Aramaic) epitaph-so-called Sarmazian bilingual.

The second is monolingual stela with Aramiac inscriptions narrating about the Georgians’ victory in Armenia in the middle of the 1st century AD.

مدينة دمانيسي - أهم الأكتشافات في جورجيا


Dmanisi is a townlet and site of paleoanthropological excavations in Southern Georgia:

For sure, Dmanisi is one of the most important archeological places not only in Georgia, but in the World. Discoveries made on the territory are of crucial importance in the study of Human Evolution.

Approximately 93km southwest of the nation’s capital, Tbilisi.

Being a site of a medieval village located on the promontory at the confluence of Mashavera and Phinezauri River.

Archeological excavations of the ruins on Dmanisi area began in the 1930s, but systematic excavations were not undertaken until the 1980s. Very soon it became obvious that these cellars and pits dating from the medieval times contained prehistoric animal and human bones. The jawbone was found in 1991 and two skulls were recovered in 1999. These fossils were very close in their morphology to similarly aged specimens from Eastern Africa.

These animal and human bones are found with numerous tools and flakes coming from layers of ash and sandy sediment. That’s why they can be dated as about 1.8 million years old. There are also other methods of dating which indicates that mandible and crania must have washed into the site approximately 1.7 million years ago.  They are believed to be subspecies of Homo erectus. Dmanisi is thus one of the most ancient human settlements anywhere in Eurasia.

Gelati monastery – Kutaisi City

why Gelati monastery is important place :

Gelati monastery was not simply a monastery. It was a monastic complex which served as a center of science and education. An academy established there was one of the most important centers of culture in ancient Georgia.

Architecture of Gelati monastery :

Also, it should be mentioned,that monastery is important for its architecture as well.

There are mosaics, frescoes, enamel and metal works of paramount importance.

History of the place

The monastery belongs to the “Golden age”, which was a period of political strength and economic growth. Also, this Golden Age was between the reign of David VI (1089-11250 and Queen Tamar (1184-1213).

It was David who began building the monastery and it was completed by his successor Demetre.

13th and 14th century

Several buildings were added to the complex in 13th and 14th century, but then foreign invasions took place and Gelati complex was destroyed by fire in 1510 by Turkish invaders.

In 16th century the monastic complex became the residence of the Katholikos of western Georgia and the restoration work began, which continued throughout the 17th and 18th centuries.

When Georgia was annexed by the Russian empire in the 19th century, Gelati monastery lost its Episcopal role.

Grave of David the Builder in Gelati.

Also, There is a grave of David the Builder in Gelati.

He was the very king who began building the monastic complex.

The gates of Ganja taken as trophies by the king Demetre can be found near his grave.

Gelati monastery was included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1994.

Also it was listed in the 2008 World Monuments Watch List of 100 Most Endangered sites in order to draw attention to deterioration.


The city, Sarkine was a town situated 8 km west of Mtskheta on the left bank of Mtkvari River.

It is mentioned in the old Georgian chronicles among other towns. This territory Sarkine, is known for its archeological importance.  In 1946-1948 an adobe tower was excavated here on the westernmost slopes of the Savanati mountain range.

Also Iron Gate, remnants of timber and adobe buildings and the town wall were unearthed at the place.

The settlement surrounded by the adobe wall was excavated in 1954-1967.

This settlement must have been part of the town Sarkine. Within the wall a lot of buildings were discovered, among them iron smelting, goldsmith and blacksmith shops.  Some ornamented architectural details were also uncovered. These archeological findings date mostly from the 3rd c. BC and 2nd c. AD.